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3.1 Types of Linguistics Programs

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Broadly speaking, there are two types of linguistics study: Theoretical Linguistics and Applied Linguistics. In general, applied linguists take the findings from theoretical linguistics and “apply” them to real-world issues of language use in the world of education, lexicography, and translation.

While in this Linguistics PhD Programs – Application and Review we intend to broadly sketch out the areas of study under the terms “linguistics,” there are numerous courses of study related to linguistics that we left out. This list below reveals the kinds of academic programs that have an interest in “linguistics.” It is no wonder that it is hard to find reliable information on a field as varied as linguistics.

  • anthropology
  • modern languages
  • English
  • literature
  • communication studies
  • philosophy
  • psychology
  • sociology
  • education
  • biology
  • neuroscience
  • cognitive science
  • artificial intelligence
  • computer science
  • speech
  • language pathology
  • cultural studies
  • Hispanic Linguistics
  • translation & localization
  • lexicography
  • biblical linguistics
  • sign languages
  • TOEFL & TESL
  • teacher training

Of these programs,  we will mention three. First, biblical linguists have been major contributors to descriptive linguistics and what is understood about the principles of grammar for 90 years. Organizations such as SIL International have captured living languages through surveys and ethnography surveys cataloging over 6,900 living languages. Second, many schools now offer Hispanic Linguistics. It is an emerging field that is grounded in theoretical principles and documentation. Third, researchers of hearing and deaf users of language are beginning to recognize the important sign language studies. American Sign Language,  French Sign Language, and Japanese Sign Language are just a few of the varieties of sign languages that can uncover insights into the visual processing of orthographic and non-orthographic symbols.

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Written by applelinguist

January 7, 2010 at 9:36 pm

Posted in Uncategorized

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