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CA Contrastive Analysis

CAH Constrastive Analysis Hypothesis

CAL.org Center for Applied Linguistics

CALL — Computer Assisted Language Learning

CALLA Cognitive Academic Language Approach. An instructional model which integrates academic language development, content area instruction and explicit instruction in learning strategies for both content and language acquisition.

CALP Cognitive Academic Language proficiency. Proposed by Cummins. Focuses on form and surface features of language.

CILT Center for Innovative Learning Technologies. Distribution center and national resource for K-14 learning.

CLIL Content and Language Integrated Learning. A second language is used as a medium for teaching non-language content.

CLT — Communicative Language Teaching

CREDE The Center for Research on Education, Diversity & Excellence (Berkeley) (crede.org)

CPH– Critical Period Hypothesis

Care-giver Talk Sometimes known as “motherese.”

Cognate Words in different languages that are related to the same root

Cognitive Strategies Thinking skills and processes that enhance learning.

Communicative competence That aspect of our competence that enables us to convey and interpret messages and to negotiate meanings interpersonally within specific contexts.

Communicative Language Teaching Communication is the goal in this approach, learning is done through meaningful tasks which promotes language learning. Started in the 1960’s in Britain replacing Situational Language Teaching.

Comprehensible Input Comprehensible Input Hypothesis, developed by Stephen Krashen. Input should be understandable to learners.

Constructivist Politics Constructivism is the claim that significant aspects of international relations are historically and socially contingent, rather than inevitable consequences of human nature or other essential characteristics of world politics.

Content area

Content Standards “Specify the curriculum objectives, the knowledge student must have in each content area, and the skills they must be able to apply successfully.” (O’Malley & Pierce, Authentic Assessment for English Language Learners, 1996, p. 26)

Content-Based ESL

Cooperative assessment

Critical Period Hypothesis — The critical period hypothesis is the subject of a long-standing debate in linguistics and language acquisition over the extent to which the ability to acquire language is biologically linked to age. The hypothesis claims that there is an ideal ‘window’ of time to acquire language in a linguistically rich environment, after which this is no longer possible. In second language acquisition, evidence of CPH comes from L2  speakers’ accents.

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Written by applelinguist

January 24, 2010 at 9:20 pm

Posted in Uncategorized

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