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TESOL Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages, Inc. Incorporated in 1966, Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages, Inc. (TESOL), is a global association for English language teaching professionals headquartered in Alexandria, Virginia, USA. TESOL encompasses a network of approximately 60,000 educators worldwide, consisting of more than 14,000 individual members and an additional 45,000 educators within the 100 plus TESOL affiliate associations. TESOL’s mission is to develop and maintain professional expertise in English language teaching and learning for speakers of other languages

TL Target Language

TPR Total Physical Response. James Asher created this because he believed ” the fastest, least stressful way to achieve understanding of any target language is to follow directions uttered by the instructor (without narrative language translation.)” Chapter 8-Total Physical Response taken from Larson-Freeman (2000), Techniques & Principles in Language Teaching. 2nd ed. Oxford University Press.

Task a classroom activity in which meaning is primary; there is a problem to solve, a relationship to real-world activities, with an objective that can be assessed in terms of an outcome.

Teacher Talk The language teachers use when teaching; involves simplifying speech for students; it may be detrimental to learning if it is childish or not close to the natural production of the target language.

Teaching Strategies

Top-down processing Students learn partially through top-down information processing, or processing based on how students make sense of language input – for example, through using students’ previous knowledge or schema.

Transitional Bilingual program Primary lanaguge instruction is given for 1-3 years and then there is a transition to English.

Two-way Bilingual program This program has both native English speakers and language minority speakers together for instruction. Instruction is done in both languages.


Written by applelinguist

January 24, 2010 at 9:21 pm

Posted in Uncategorized

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